taking these pictures, most of the attracting head and neck feathers
which make the Ruff cocks unique, were not jet fully developed.
Nevertheless even on this images, different color groups are recognizable.
Ruff populations overwinter in Africa and evacuate these winter
territories between March and April. After the brood period, male
Ruffs start leaving the territories already end of June, the hens
follow July and September.
courtship Ruff cocks loose their decorative feathers again, and
later appear like large hens.